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Trade Agreements That Canada Has Signed

By June 13, 2023No Comments

Trade Agreements That Canada Has Signed: What You Need to Know

Canada is a trading nation and has signed several trade agreements with countries around the world to facilitate the exchange of goods and services. These agreements are essential for opening up markets, improving competitiveness, and boosting economic growth. In this article, we will explore some of the significant trade agreements that Canada has signed over the years and their impact on the Canadian economy.

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

NAFTA was signed in 1994 between Canada, the United States, and Mexico to create a free trade zone in North America. This agreement eliminated tariffs on goods traded between the three countries, making it easier for businesses to sell their products across borders. The agreement has been instrumental in increasing trade between the three countries, with Canada exporting over $460 billion worth of goods and services to the United States every year.

Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP)

CPTPP, formerly known as the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), is a trade agreement between 11 countries, including Canada, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand. The agreement aims to eliminate tariffs on goods and services traded between the member countries and to create a more open and competitive market. For Canada, the CPTPP provides access to new markets for its products, particularly in Asia.

Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA)

CETA is a trade agreement between Canada and the European Union that was signed in 2016. The agreement eliminates tariffs on goods and services traded between Canada and the EU, creating a more level playing field for businesses. CETA provides Canadian businesses with access to the world`s largest trading bloc and opens up new opportunities in key sectors like agriculture, energy, and financial services.

Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA)

CUSMA replaced NAFTA in 2020 and aims to modernize the trade relationship between the three countries. The agreement includes new provisions on digital trade, intellectual property, and labor standards. The agreement is expected to increase North American competitiveness and modernize trade in key sectors.


Trade agreements have become increasingly important in today`s globalized economy. With the rise of protectionism, it`s critical for countries to continue to work together to reduce barriers to trade and open up new markets for their businesses. Canada has signed several significant trade agreements that have been instrumental in boosting the Canadian economy. As businesses continue to navigate the ever-changing global economy, understanding these trade agreements and their impact is essential.